Tag Archives: 1915

24 September – A most fatal month

Even at this stage of the war, fliers as likely to be killed in accidents as enemy action. September has been a particularly bad month for accidents so far. Three aircrew have been killed and five taken prisoner so far this month, whilst seven have been killed in accidents.

Since the death of William Hilliard on 8 September, the RNAS has lost 4 more pilots to accidents. On 12 September 1915, there was a mid-air collision between a Cauldron G.III (3282) and a Short S38 (65) at RNAS Eastchurch. Flt Sub-Lt James Morrow Alexander and Flt Sub-Lt Macfie Keith-Johnston were both killed.

Less than a week later on 18 September, Flt Sub-Lt William Croucher crashed a two-seater into a tree near Bignor Park, Sussex. He was killed but his observer Flt Lt Robert Hilton Jones was only injured. The following day, Flt Sub-Lt Douglas Archibald Hay crashed his BE2c (1133) at Hartlet, about 0.5 miles from Whitley Bay Airfield.

The losses have not been confined to the RNAS. 2Lt Geoffrey Brian Hobbs was killed on 7 September. Today, Capt Bindon Blood of 17 Squadron crashed one of the prototype SE4a’s into the ground near Hounslow after doing some sharp turns, losing control of the aircraft and getting into a spin. The petrol tank caught fire and the plane was enveloped in flames, killing Captain Blood.


23 September 1915 – Train bombing

While the First Wing RFC focussed on supporting the artillery, Second and Third Wings, and 12 (Headquarter) Squadron are carrying out strategic bombing. The target for today is the Lille -Valenciennes – Douai train line and the junctions and engine sheds north of Valenciennes.

During the day the Douai-Valenciennes line was attacked by 23 aeroplanes of the Third Wing, whilst the Lille-Valenciennes line was bombed by eight aeroplanes of the Second Wing and by three from No 12 Squadron.

Captain Le Brock

Hits have been reported on the track near Wallers, on the junction and on the line in front of the engine sheds north of Valenciennes, and a signal cabin near St. Amand was destroyed.
The biggest success of the day was A l00lb bomb, dropped from a height of 200 feet by Captain Henry Le Marchant Brock of No. 4 Squadron, who scored a direct hit on the centre of a moving goods train near Somain. The engine and front part of the train continued east towards the junction, leaving the wrecked and rear trucks behind – though these were cleared later in the day.

9 September 1915 – 30 Squadron arrives in

Elements of 30 Squadron RFC arrived in Maktau, British East Africa today after a short train ride from Mombasa.

Maktau is thirty miles from the German border is the most advanced British armed camp. Space inside the camp is scarce and the landing-ground is located outside. The Bessaneau hangars have been erected inside the camp as the aeroplanes would otherwise be at the mercy of marauding enemy patrols.

Maktau Camp

The squadron has been in Mombasa since the destruction of the SS Konigsberg. Squadron Commander Gordon, left for Mesopotamia on 12 August with the seaplanes. Flight Coomander Cull has remained in charge of the remaining aeroplanes (two Cauldrons) and made the trip to Maktau.

5 September 1915 – Success and failure

2nd Lieutenants HA Cooper and AJ Insall of 11 Squadron were on patrol today in their Vickers FB5 near Gommecourt when they spotted an LVG below them. They dived to attack and after circling each other a few times, Insall scored a hit and the LVG dived with flames pouring from the exhaust. The Vickers engine then cut out and they were unable to follow. However, eyewitnesses saw the plane crash into the ground.

Earlier Captain William Campbell Adamson and his observer Lieutenant Edward Braddyll of 6 Squadron were on an artillery patrol around 5pm in their FE2a (4227) when they met three enemy aircraft over Zillebeke. They successfully drove these off and continued their patrol. A while later over Zandzoode they were hit by anti-aircraft fire and crashed behind enemy lines. Captain Adamson was killed and Lieutenant Braddyll was captured, but died of his wounds a short time later.

Captain Adamson was the only son of William Shaw Adamson and his wife Nora Jane, born on 5 November 1886. He was Educated at Fettes College and Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He married Margaret Stancombe on 28 May 1913 and leaves a one year old son also called William. He had gained his flying certoifcate just before war broke out on 17 July 1914 and then joined the RFC. He joined 6 Squadron and went with them to France in October 1914.

Lieutenant Braddlyl was the son of Hubert and Nellie Richmond-Gale-Braddyll. He had previously served in the 10th Duke of Cambridge’s Own Lancers (Hodson’s Horse). He had only joined the squadron in July.

4 September 1915 – Subs patrol for Zeppelins

The British submarines have been on patrol in the German Bight for the last few days. They have both been fitted with four 6-pounder high-angle anti-aircraft guns with orders to cruise together for five days and attack, in close co-operation, any airships they meet.

The patrol started badly as early on the 2nd of September they had to dive to avoid discovery, and when they came to the surface again they were out of touch with one another.


Today, E6 spotted a Zeppelin and opened fire on it. The crew thought they had scored a hit, but the Zeppelin had merely moved off rapidly to get out of range. The Zeppelin clearly reported the presence of the submarine by wireless, as and destroyers arrived rapidly to hunt for the E6. E6 was compelled to dive and was able to escape.

The patrol was largely a failure as E4 sighted only one airship, and this was too far off to attack. Today, there was a minor success as they arrested a German trawler and brought it back to Harwich.

28 August 1915 – Boelcke saves

Oswald Boelcke, one of the pilots going success with the new Fokker EI aircraft hit the news today.

The mess of his unit, FFA 62, faces a local canal frequented by both the airmen and locals for fishing and boating. This morning, Boelcke saw a boy (14-year-old Albert Deplace) suddenly fall into the canal. Boelcke immediately ran over and ‘not having much time for reflection, I took a header and dived in’.

He managed to bring the boy to the surface where they were rescued by Boelcke’s comrade Teubern in a rowing boat.. After giving the boy a ‘good spanking’, they released him into the custody of his grateful mother. All the local civilians who had gathered, gave the drenched Boelcke an ovation as he ‘stood there like a dripping poodle’ in full uniform. The parents want him to be awarded the Legion d’Honneur.

27 August 1915 – Joint Raid on Houlthhost

Overnight a joint raid was undertaken by aircraft of the British, French, and Belgian navies on storage depots in the Forest of Houthulst, north-east of Ypres. This is one of the largest raids to date with some 60 aircraft taking part. All the aeroplanes returned safely. Flight Lieutenant Harold Rosher, 1 Wing RNAS took part in the raid and write as follows:

“Last night there was a comic raid on the Forest of Houthulst. It is six or seven miles behind the lines near Dixmude, and the Huns use it as a rest camp—beaucoup de stores and ammunition there too. The French idea was to set it on fire with incendiary bombs. Over forty machines took part, including self—perfect weather conditions—no clouds but very hazy, so when one got high up one was almost invisible. I got just over 11,000 feet, but even then had one or two shots near me. Below me the air was simply a mass of bursting shrapnel. French artillery also opened fire on the place. There must have been beaucoup de noise in the forest. Most amusing—a really soft job as some one remarked.”